Department of Veterinary Pathobiology
The Department of Infectious Diseases (DID) have a history since 1920 when State Veterinary Bacteriology Laboratory was established and is a part of Veterinary Faculty of Lithuanian Veterinary Academy from university establishment in 1936. The department focuses on the veterinarian, clinical, immunological, epidemiological, food safety and risk aspects of viral, bacterial, parasitic diseases of animals, including the general and special pathology, zoonosic diseases and veterinary law. On September of 2010 DID as a part of Lithuanian Veterinary Academy was incorporated into the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. In addition, DID is a part of the Centre for Quality of Animal Health and Raw Materials of Animal Origin which belongs to integrated science, studies and business centre - Nemunas Valley.
The department staff teaches undergraduate and postgraduate students on several subjects of basic veterinary disciplines in the following programs: veterinary medicine (02A), veterinary food safety (02A) and animal technology (03A). DID covers teaching of bachelor, master, resident and PhD students on epidemiology, morphology, pathogenesis, diagnostics, prophylaxy, control, pathomorphologicy and pathophysiology of infectious and zoonotic diseases. The disciplines covered by DID are as follows: veterinary epidemiology, veterinary microbiology, veterinary pathology, veterinary parasitology, veterinary virusology, veterinary law and regulations. The department is activly involved in dissemination of results and in preparation of textbooks, manuals, scientific articles and in national and international projects regarding animal infectious diseases and pathology.
DID initiates and performs research into health benefits and pathology risks focusing on animal infectious and zoonotic diseases. Through its research master, resident and PhD programme DID aims to educate scientists of high academic excellence on microbiological, virological, epidemiological, parasitological investigations of different species of animals. Laboratory-based research is supplemented by field-based studies of epidemiological and veterinarian aspects of infectious disease transmission and control. Specifically the research is focused on the diagnostics, prophylaxy and control of infectious diseases in domestic and wild animals; pathomorphological diagnostics of animal diseases; pathophysiology and pathomorphology of animal reproduction. The concept of reasearch is based on pathological agent/host interactions. The objectives of research are to perform research and risk assessment on mechanisms, pathways and factors that contribute to obtain and maintain optimal animal health; disturbances in animal health under various disease conditions ranging from subclinical form to severe injury of disease including animal loss. Stategicly DID is focused on providing scientific and technical advice associated with veterinary medicine and food safety issues from field to table. DID is involved in providing scientific opinion and technical advice in preparing drafts of legal veterinary and food safety acts.
The department collaborates and have joint projects with MA Clinics of Infectious Diseases, MA Institute of Gastroenterology, Faculty of Nature Sciences, Vytautas Magnus University, National Food and Veterinary Risk Assessment Institute, Copenhagen University (Denmark), Institute of Parasitology, Ciurich University (Swizerland), Institute of Parasitology, Slovak Academy of Sciences (Slovakia), Veterinary Institute in Salloniki (Greece), and different private institutions.
- Investigation of applicability of plant extracts and their fractions for the suppression and control of viruses from animal environment. Coordinator – Vytautas Magnus University, partner – LUHS, coordinator – prof. dr. A. Šalomskas;
- The effect of osteochondral allotransplantation on articular cartilage regeneration in experimental model of cartilage damage (CHONDRO). 2013-2015. Participant – assoc. prof. dr. A. Pockevičius;
- Creation of biological cardiostimulator involving foreign country scientists and scientific institutions (BIOKARDIOSTIM), 2013-2015. Together with Lithuanian University of Health Sciences and The Centre for Innovative Medicine. Participant – D. Juodžentė;
- Healthy and Safe Food project „The compositions for functional food based on nanostarch and natural bioactive materials, NRP. 2011-2015. Coordinator – Kaunas University of Technology, participant – prof. dr. J. Šiugždaitė.
- Tackling the parasitological challenges arising from organic farming practices (ProPara). BP7, ERA-NET, 2015-2017. Coordinator – prof. dr. S. Petkevičius;
- New and emerging challenges and opportunities in wastewater reuse (NEREUS). COST action No. ES1403, 2014-2018. Coordinator – prof. dr. J. Šiugždaitė;
- The significance of rodent communities for the transmission and distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis: Ecological and experimental investigations for risk assessment BP7, EMIDA (Emiro), 2012-2015. Coordinator – assoc. prof. dr. M. Šarkūnas;
- The efficacy of three different dosing regiments of Milbemax (milbemycin oxime, praziquantel) against gastrointestinal helminth infections in dogs (study number GTS-12-021)" ("Novartis Project") and "The eficacy of three different dosing regiments of Drontal Plus or Profender against gastrointestinal helminth infection in dogs" ("Bayer project"). 2013-2014. Coordinator – assoc. prof. dr. M. Šarkūnas;
- Goat-parasite interactions: from knowledge to control. COST action No. FA0805, 2008-2013. Coordinator – prof. dr. S. Petkevičius.
- European Network for Neglected Vectors and Vector-Borne Infections (EurNegVec). COST, action No. TD1303, 2013-2017. Coordinator – Vytautas Magnus University, participant – prof. dr. S. Petkevičius;
- Modernisation if higher education in the area of food quality and safety in Tajikistan, No. 544529-TEMPUS-1-2013-1-LV-TEMPUS-JPCR. TEMPUS, 2013-2016. Participant – assoc. prof. dr. A. Malakauskas;