Department of Anatomy and Physiology

The Department of Anatomy and Physiology was established on the 12 th of May 2004 on the basis of reorganization of the three separate departments: Anatomy and Histology (1937), Biology (1946), Physiology and Pathology (1947) in Lithuanian veterinary academy. In 2010 of September Lithuanian veterinary academy was incorporated in to new university and the Department of Anatomy and Physiology became a part of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. There are two scientific base in the department – The research center of digestive physiology and pathology and laboratory of immunology. The research center of digestive physiology and pathology take part in to the “Nemunas” valley and is a part of Animal nutrition and biotechnology center.


Strategic goals

Focus on providing scientific and technical advice associated with veterinary medicine and food safety issues from field to table. Provide scientific opinion and technical advice in preparing drafts of legal acts. Develop cooperation with competent authorities, scientific and education institutions in the field of information exchange, analysis and dissemination. Participate in International programs and scientific projects.

The department of Anatomy and Physiology collaborated with the State food and veterinary service, National Food and Veterinary Risk Assessment Institute, National institute of Veterinary ( Poland, Pulawa), veterinary institute Novi Sad (Serbia), National institute agriculture research ( France), Swansea university (Great Britain, London), University of Murcia, Spain; Complutensos university, Madrid, Spain), University of Warmia and Mazury (Olsztyn, Poland), and Latvia University of Agriculture.


An information about projects

“Inhibitors in milk: reasons of the contamination, detection methods, and effect of biological and chemical factors on the results of investigation” (2011, No.11/06/23/08).

“The animals health, nutrition , origin science and research infrastructure, consolidation of scientific potential " (2011, VP2-1.1-ŠMM -04-V-01-009).

“Molecular characterization of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in pigs and wild boars " (2010-2011, MIP-48/2010).

 “Antigenic and pathogenic characterization of  porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus in wild boars” (2012-2014, MIP-065/2012).

EMIDA- „Coordination of European research in the area of animal health, including emerging threats, infectious diseases and surveillance“(2008-2011)

COST Action FA902. “Understanding and combating porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in Europe”. (2010-2012).

FP7 ERA-NET 2918915  (ANIHWA)- „Animal welfare and health“. (2012-2014).



The department staff teaches students in the following programs: veterinary medicine, veterinary food safety, animal technology, medical and veterinary genetics, medical and veterinary biochemistry, veterinary medicine for foreign students.


The main subjects

Animal anatomy, animal morphology, applied biology and laboratory animals, histology and embryology, histology, and histological techniques, cell biology, fowl anatomy and histology, animal physiology, laboratory and exotic animals, veterinary immunology, plant and animal biology, and comparative animal physiology, human anatomy.



The research direction: morphological, immunological, physiological investigations of different species of animals and prevention of diseases. Department staff conducted research topics: Rabbit eyes - an experimental model. Morphological studies of animal skeletons. Domestic and wild animal's immunogenic and pathogenic properties. Animal and human ovarian follicles and oocytes, comparative characteristics. Investigation of morphological and physiological parameters of digestive tract in the organism of animals Investigations of rumen parameters. Corelation between cow's milk secretion and digestive process. Lactobacilli research in organism of calves. Thermography studies in the organism of animals.


PhD programs 

The features of physiological functions of different species of animals (02A). Comparative animal's physiology (03A). Complex of animals body and morphological analysis (02 A). The experimental animals, animal welfare aspects and using animals in scientific and educational purposes (02A).