Department of Anatomy and Physiology
Prof. Judita Žymantienė
Head of the Scientific Center for Digestive Physiology and Pathology
Prof. Antanas Sederevičius
Head of Immunology Laboratory
Prof. Arūnas Stankevičius
The Department of Anatomy and Physiology was established on the 12 th of May 2004 on the basis of reorganization of the three separate departments: Anatomy and Histology (1937), Biology (1946), Physiology and Pathology (1947) in Lithuanian veterinary academy. In 2010 of September Lithuanian veterinary academy was incorporated in to new university and the Department of Anatomy and Physiology became a part of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. There are two scientific base in the department – The research center of digestive physiology and pathology and Laboratory of Immunology. The research center of digestive physiology and pathology takes part in to the “Nemunas” valley and is a part of Animal nutrition and biotechnology center. The anatomicum building has an architectural value and there is the unique Animal anatomy museum.
The department staff teaches students in the following programs:veterinary medicine VM (in Lithuanian and in English language), veterinary food safety (VMS), food science (MM), livestock technology (GT), animal science (GM), medical and veterinary genetics (MVG) and medical and veterinary biochemistry (MVB).
In the Department Anatomy and physiology students prepare bachelor and masters final works.
The main subjects. In the VM program students study various subjects: anatomy, applied biology and laboratory animals, cell biology, histology and embryology, bird anatomy and histology, world biodiversity, animal physiology, veterinary immunology and virology, laboratory and exotic animals. In the VMS program students study subjects: morphology, applied biology, physiology, histology and basics of histology. In the MM program students study: human and animal physiology, anatomy, histology and histology of domestic animals and birds. In the GT program students study: plant and animal biology, animal morphology, animal physiology and human anatomy. In the GM program students study subjects: animal biology, animal morphology and animal physiology, world biodiversity and immunology. In the MVG program students study subjects: laboratory animal anatomy, animal physiology, bioethics and animal science. In the MVB program students study; laboratory animal anatomy, animal physiology, bioethics and animal science and cell biology.
The teaching staff of the department, doctoral students, and researchers investigate the functional systems of various animal species and the immune response to ensure public and animal health. Department staff conducted research topics: indicators of ruminant content (pH, activity of microorganisms total LRR, glucose fermentation) are studied. Lactobacillus strains from calf faeces and differentiations; in vitro digestibility of organic matter (OM) of feed; using probes of GDZ-1; GGZ-1; GVZ-1; GBZ-1 and analysis of bacteriological samples for ruminant content of bovine. The using of immunoassay, cell culture and molecular methods for study the zoonoses and other economically significant pathogens on immune responses.
The scientists of the department advise animals breeders on the assessment of the health and immune system of various animal species and recomended methods for analysis of the quality of feed.
There are organized courses for persons working with experimental animals according to the topic "Requirements for the storage, care and use animals for scientific and educational purposes". The total program consists 80 hours (3ECTS).
There are four PhD programs in the department as:
The features of physiological functions of different species of animals (02A).
The experimental animals, animals welfare aspects of welfare and using animals in scientific and educational purposes (02A).
Complex of animals body and morphological analysis (02A) and
Comparative physiology of animals (03A).
PhD students: D. Beliavska-Aleksiejūnė (2014-2018), U. Spancernienė (2014-2018), V. Sutkienė (2015-2019), I. Šilinskas (2016-2020), J. Grigas (2017-2021 ), R. Undzėnaitė (2017-2021) and A. Pautienius (2017-2021).
- Investigation of the total bacterial and somatic cell count in cows and goats milk (2018-2019).
- COST veikla CA15116. Understanding and combating African Swine Fever in Europe (ASF-STOP) (2016-2020).
- Analysis of epidemiological and laboratory tests of African swine fever (ASF), risk and prognosis of disease and management strategy in wild fauna and pigs in the Republic of Lithuania (2017-2019).
- Studies of cow's milk composition of fatty acids (saturated and unsaturated) and recommendations for improving the quality of raw milk (2015-2016).
- The application of non-invasive measures for the evaluation of the physiological state of the mammary gland and the presentation of recommendations for the identification early pathologies of udder in the milk production process (2015-2016).
- COST Action FA902: Understanding and combating porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome in Europe (2010 – 2014).
- Antigenic and pathogenic characterization of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRSV) virus in wild boars (2012-2014).
- Molecular characterization of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) in pigs and wild boars (2010-2011).
- FP7 ERA-NET 2918915 (ANIHWA)- „Animal welfare and health“. (2012-2014).
- EMIDA- „Coordination of European research in the area of animal health, including emerging threats, infectious diseases and surveillance“(2008-2011).