Laboratory of Meat Characteristics and Quality Assessment
Laboratory of Meat Characteristics and Quality Assessment was established in 1976. The basis of research by habil. dr., professor Česlovas Jukna was prepared and since 1965 in Lithuania was started of an evaluation of bulls according offsprings fattening and carcass characteristics a methodology. This system with some modifications and now operates. In recent years, boars and sows assessment according offsprings were added the meat quality indicators, which were established by the laboratory.
During its period of operation the laboratory has played an important role improving in Lithuania bred cattle and pig carcass characteristics and meat quality.
The laboratory has made important contributions to the development of new agricultural branch in Lithuania - Beef cattle breeding.
Laboratory have the proper equipment and assimilate all the modern research methods, what needed to describe the quality of the meat.
Science worker of the Lithuanian Academy corresponding member, habil. dr., prof. Česlovas Jukna was headed in laboratory, since establishment until 2001 years. From 2001 to 2013 years in laboratory was headed prof. (HP) dr. Vigilijus Jukna, now laboratory head is prof. dr. Almantas Šimkus.
Presently, the studies carried out in the laboratory with a view to improve meat chemical, technological, nutritional and biological properties of genetic and non-genetic means. High attention is paid to the production of meat safety and ecological.
The laboratory closely works with the Agricultural University of Krakow, Institute of husbandry National Poland, Wroclaw University of Life Sciences, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Serbia Livestock Institute, Copenhagen University, Sweden Agricultural University, A. Stulginskio University, KTU Food Institute and others.
The laboratory participated in pursuance of 6 international FP program PIGCAS. Laboratory pursued training of farmers under the project "Exceptional quality beef production technologies".
The staff of laboratory maintains close link with the Lithuanian Ministry of Agriculture, National Animal Breeding Supervision Service under the Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Agricultural Economics and local farmers organizations.
- the beef cattle breeding development questions;
- The beef cattle farm establishment questions;
- The beef cattle selection questions;
- The beef cattle utilization for crossbreeding of questions;
- The organic additives utilization on animals questions;
- Animal meat quality assessment;
- The meat quality and biological value estimation.
The scientific-research works:
Genotype influence of intramuscular fat content and fatty acid structure determination and measures to improve the biological value of beef;
Beef breeds cattle adaptive processes and utilization effectiveness research;
Genotype influence on pig carcass traits and meat quality;
Beef cattle growing technologies comparative studies.
Proposed services, expertise, products:
Bulls rating by the offsprings of fattening and meat qualities;
Boars and sows rating by the offsprings of the quality of meat;
Meat and meat products determination on chemical composition;
Meat chemical - physical characteristics relating to its culinary, technological and biological value setting;
Cholesterol content in meat setting;
Feeding and keeping on technologies and individual feed and feed additives impact of meat production and its quality rating.