Department of Animal Nutrition
On purpose to assure the balanced nutrition of animals and human, the raw materials of vegetable and animal origin are needed, therefore it is very important to breed animals properly in order to assure their good health, growth and to be sure that they will provide full-fledged production. In order to ensure proper feeding of animals and rationally use feeds, we must be aware regarding chemical composition of feeds and animal organism, sustenance of feeds, what is the demand for nutrients that is needed on purpose to support biological processes and to obtain production, influence of feeding in respect of animals of different species.
There are 7 employees at the Department of Animal Nutrition, including 5 pedagogues and 2 auxiliary workers. 3 professors, 2 docents work at the Department.
The following curricula are taught at the Department of Animal Nutrition:
To students of the Animal Husbandry Technology Bachelor study programme – Agrotechnics (it is the science about science of agriculture technologies, the systems of the measures of agricultural plants cultivating, also about agro-technical measures); Animal Nutrition (determination of nutritive value of feeds in accordance with their biochemical composition, the scheme of feeds analysis, the methods of determination of nutrients); Cynology and Felinology (the science about dogs and cats, their origin, features and nutrition); Nutrition of Fur-bearing Animals (the peculiarities of furry animals’ digestive system, determination of the level of nutrients intake); Animal Husbandry Mechanization (mechanization of the processes of feeds storage, preparation, distribution for feeding, mechanization of the processes of keeping, maintenance of agricultural animals and distribution of water to them); Manufacturing of Combine Fodders and its Quality Control (the concept of combined feed, classification, description of main groups, characteristics of raw materials); Quality Management Systems in Feed Industry (the practice of good production (PGP), the analysis of risk factors and the concepts, principles, implementation of the quality systems of important management points).
To students of the Animal Husbandry Technology Master study programme - Development of Fodder Production and Quality (the main measures and ways of production expansion, trends of development); Production Technologies of Feed and Feed Addition (technological schemes of feeds production); Dietology of Small Animals (the peculiarities of digestive system of small animals, the feeds that are used for feeding, additives); Quality Management Systems in Feed Industry (identification of risk factors during the primal and secondary production of feeds, the ways and principles of their management ensuring fabrication of safe production); Preparation technology of herby forage (the technologies of preparation of herbaceous feeds).
To students of the Management of Animal Resources Master study programme - Feed Bioconversion (conversion of differently prepared feeds in the animal organism, energy demand that is needed to support animal life processes, fabrication of production); Modeling of Animal Husbandry Processes (fundamental modelling, its purpose and tasks, practical application for the planning, monitoring, control, optimisation of stockbreeding processes and forecasting of preliminary results).
To students of the Animal Science Bachelor study programme – Agriculture (the whole of sciences that is related with cultivation of agricultural plants); Forage science (the science of feed production analyses the use of feeding plants, that are cultivated in the way of crop rotation, and grass that grows in meadows and pastures for animal feeding); Invasive species (structural, genetic and functional peculiarities of invasive species, effect on ecosystem structure, function and evolution).
To students of Veterinary Medicine integrated study programme - Feeds and Animal Nutrition (the processes and regularities of agricultural animals feeding, the feeds that are used for feeding, the schemes of feeding); Forage Science and Quality Control (the concept of combined feed, classification and description of the main groups, characteristics of raw materials, creation of prescriptions); Basics of Horse Breeding (the origin of horses, evolution, the peculiarities of species, the breeding biology, working and sportive features of horses and the spectrum of their appliance); Cynology (the science about dogs, their origin, features and nutrition); Felinology (the science about cats, their origin, features and nutrition).
To students of Veterinary Food Safety Bachelor study programme - Agriculture and Crop Farming (about soils, the methods of their testing, fertilization of soil, crop rotation, pests and diseases of agricultural plants, spread of weeds, safety of environment); Nutrition of Animals for Food Production (the regularities of animal nutrition: that affect their productivity, wellness, reproductive features, rational and safe use of feeds, determination of nutritional and energy values of feeds).
The Zootechnical Institute was established at the Lithuanian Veterinary Academy in the year 1938, curricula about fodders and animal nutrition were taught there. These curricula were later (in year 1940) attributed to the Institute of Applied Botany, Fodder and Feeding. After establishment of the Faculty of Zootechnics in the year 1946 an independent Department of Animal Feeding was established, it is called the Department of Animal Nutrition since the year 2004.
The course of Animal Feeding and Fodder Preparation was taught by doc. dr. K. Alminas and prof. dr. J. Kregždė in the year 1938-1944, and by dr. Z. Giršavičius since the year 1945. Dr. Z. Giršavičius was the head of the Department in the year 1946-1955.
Main courses of scientific activities: optimization of safe and competitive technologies of farm animal feeding and production of fodders, researches on influence of new raw materials and supplements on productivity of animals.
Research Laboratory of Animal Nutritiology. Scientific researches of specification of nutritional norms and factors, practical works of bachelor and master degree studies in the field of animal husbandry technologies are performed in the laboratory of animal nutriciology researches. The following equipment is used for performance of researches: NIR analyser of feeds, calorimeter that is intended for determination of total energy content in feeds, polarimeter that is intended for determination of content of carbohydrates (sugar, starch).
Department of Systemic Evaluation of Nutrigenomics and Animal Husbandry Processes. Using the software Hybrimin Futter 2008 in the department of systematic assessment of nutrigenomics and animal husbandry processes combinations of calculation and optimisation of feeds are performed, also is assessed the change of feeds sustenance, is modelled the dependence of obtained animal husbandry production on the quality of feeds, practical application for the management and optimisation of animal husbandry processes.
Auditoria and laboratories are set up for execution of study processes at the Department of Animal Nutrition. The students perform scientific research work in the laboratories, also there are carried out practical works. The study process is organized using Vivarium, basis of the Research Laboratory of Animal Nutritiology, Department of Systemic Evaluation of Nutrigenomics and Animal Husbandry Processes as well as basis of economy subjects.
Invited lecturers, practitioners:
Prof. J. Kamphues, Hanover Veterinary Higher School, the Head of the Animal Nutrition Institute, a member-expert of the EAEVE (European Association of Establishments for Veterinary Education);
Prof. dr. habil. K. Lipinski, University of Varmia and Masuria in Olsztyn, Faculty of Animal Bio-Engineering, Department of Animal Nutrition and Fodder Farm;
Prof. dr. C.A. Barth, Potsdam University, Germany;
Prof. dr. F. Schwarz, Technical University of Munich;
Dr. K. Kliem, UFOP, Berlin;
Visits of inviting lecturers are important both for the students and lecturers, because they help to improve the quality of studies and are important for preparation of animal husbandry technologists and veterinary doctors. The most active students have an opportunity to continue the studies of scientific researches that are lectured by the scientists of Hanover High School of Veterinary, University of Potsdam, University of Munich, Olsztyn University of Warmia and Mazury.
The course books that were prepared in the Department of Animal Nutrition:
Feeds – traditional and ecological. Heinz Jeroch, Antanas Sederavičius, Sabina Mikulionienė, Olaf Steinhofel, Paulius Matusevičius, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2010
Breeding and reproduction of chinchilla. Paulius Matusevičius. 2004
Weeds: their classification and recognition. Vytautas Pilipavičius, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2010
The systems of productive cows feeding. Jurgis Kulpys, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2010
The basics of agronomy and the analysis of feeds. Algirdas Januškevičius, Gražina Januškevičienė, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2011
Feeding of dogs and cats. Algirdas Januškevičius. 2006
Connections and cooperation
The Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania, Chamber of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania, Lithuanian Agricultural Advisory Service, agricultural companies and farmers, companies producing combined fodder, the Terra Animalis company, CJSC Mars Lietuva, CJSC Magnum Veterinarija, Lithuanian Association of Cereal Processors, CJSC Jakovo Veterinarijos Centras, CJSC Žvėris, Kaunas University of Technology, Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, University of Varmia and Masuria, Hanover Veterinary Higher School.
Analysis of condition of farm animal feeding, as well as analysis of contents of fodder and supplements thereto;
Formation and analysis of rations of various farm animal fodders, preparation of recipes of combined fodders and supplements thereto;
Evaluation and consultation on issues related to feeding various animals;
Show zootechnical tests are performed;
Recommendations on issues related to feeding animals and production of fodders are prepared;
Seminars and scientific conferences are organized;
Preparation of textbooks, methodical literature and scientific, popular articles on relevant issues related to feed production and nutrition of farm animals.
Influence of Valproate on Concentration of Lymphocyte Chloride, pH, Proliferation, Tumor Progression (year 2012 – 2014), P. Matusevičius
Molecular Mechanism of Microorganism Identification in Gut Epithelial Cells and Its Correlation with Etiopathogenesis of Inflammatory Gut Diseases (year 2010-2013), P. Matusevičius