Department of Animal Nutrition
On purpose to assure the balanced nutrition of animals and human, the raw materials of vegetable and animal origin are needed, therefore it is very important to breed animals properly in order to assure their good health, growth and to be sure that they will provide full-fledged production. In order to ensure proper feeding of animals and rationally use feeds, we must be aware regarding chemical composition of feeds and animal organism, sustenance of feeds, what is the demand for nutrients that is needed on purpose to support biological processes and to obtain production, influence of feeding in respect of animals of different species.
There are 7 employees at the Department of Animal Nutrition, including 5 pedagogues and 2 auxiliary workers. 3 professors, 2 docents work at the Department.
The following curricula are taught at the Department of Animal Nutrition:
To students of the Animal Husbandry Technology Bachelor study programme – Agrotechnics (it is the science about science of agriculture technologies, the systems of the measures of agricultural plants cultivating, also about agro-technical measures); Animal Nutrition (determination of nutritive value of feeds in accordance with their biochemical composition, the scheme of feeds analysis, the methods of determination of nutrients); Cynology and Felinology (the science about dogs and cats, their origin, features and nutrition); Nutrition of Fur-bearing Animals (the peculiarities of furry animals’ digestive system, determination of the level of nutrients intake); Animal Husbandry Mechanization (mechanization of the processes of feeds storage, preparation, distribution for feeding, mechanization of the processes of keeping, maintenance of agricultural animals and distribution of water to them); Manufacturing of Combine Fodders and its Quality Control (the concept of combined feed, classification, description of main groups, characteristics of raw materials); Quality Management Systems in Feed Industry (the practice of good production (PGP), the analysis of risk factors and the concepts, principles, implementation of the quality systems of important management points).
To students of the Animal Husbandry Technology Master study programme - Development of Fodder Production and Quality (the main measures and ways of production expansion, trends of development); Production Technologies of Feed and Feed Addition (technological schemes of feeds production); Dietology of Small Animals (the peculiarities of digestive system of small animals, the feeds that are used for feeding, additives); Quality Management Systems in Feed Industry (identification of risk factors during the primal and secondary production of feeds, the ways and principles of their management ensuring fabrication of safe production); Preparation technology of herby forage (the technologies of preparation of herbaceous feeds).
To students of the Management of Animal Resources Master study programme - Feed Bioconversion (conversion of differently prepared feeds in the animal organism, energy demand that is needed to support animal life processes, fabrication of production); Modeling of Animal Husbandry Processes (fundamental modelling, its purpose and tasks, practical application for the planning, monitoring, control, optimisation of stockbreeding processes and forecasting of preliminary results).
To students of the Animal Science Bachelor study programme – Agriculture (the whole of sciences that is related with cultivation of agricultural plants); Forage science (the science of feed production analyses the use of feeding plants, that are cultivated in the way of crop rotation, and grass that grows in meadows and pastures for animal feeding); Invasive species (structural, genetic and functional peculiarities of invasive species, effect on ecosystem structure, function and evolution).
To students of Veterinary Medicine integrated study programme - Feeds and Animal Nutrition (the processes and regularities of agricultural animals feeding, the feeds that are used for feeding, the schemes of feeding); Forage Science and Quality Control (the concept of combined feed, classification and description of the main groups, characteristics of raw materials, creation of prescriptions); Basics of Horse Breeding (the origin of horses, evolution, the peculiarities of species, the breeding biology, working and sportive features of horses and the spectrum of their appliance); Cynology (the science about dogs, their origin, features and nutrition); Felinology (the science about cats, their origin, features and nutrition).
To students of Veterinary Food Safety Bachelor study programme - Agriculture and Crop Farming (about soils, the methods of their testing, fertilization of soil, crop rotation, pests and diseases of agricultural plants, spread of weeds, safety of environment); Nutrition of Animals for Food Production (the regularities of animal nutrition: that affect their productivity, wellness, reproductive features, rational and safe use of feeds, determination of nutritional and energy values of feeds).
The Zootechnical Institute was established at the Lithuanian Veterinary Academy in the year 1938, curricula about fodders and animal nutrition were taught there. These curricula were later (in year 1940) attributed to the Institute of Applied Botany, Fodder and Feeding. After establishment of the Faculty of Zootechnics in the year 1946 an independent Department of Animal Feeding was established, it is called the Department of Animal Nutrition since the year 2004.
The course of Animal Feeding and Fodder Preparation was taught by doc. dr. K. Alminas and prof. dr. J. Kregždė in the year 1938-1944, and by dr. Z. Giršavičius since the year 1945. Dr. Z. Giršavičius was the head of the Department in the year 1946-1955.
Main courses of scientific activities: optimization of safe and competitive technologies of farm animal feeding and production of fodders, researches on influence of new raw materials and supplements on productivity of animals.
Research Laboratory of Animal Nutritiology. Scientific researches of specification of nutritional norms and factors, practical works of bachelor and master degree studies in the field of animal husbandry technologies are performed in the laboratory of animal nutriciology researches. The following equipment is used for performance of researches: NIR analyser of feeds, calorimeter that is intended for determination of total energy content in feeds, polarimeter that is intended for determination of content of carbohydrates (sugar, starch).
Department of Systemic Evaluation of Nutrigenomics and Animal Husbandry Processes. Using the software Hybrimin Futter 2008 in the department of systematic assessment of nutrigenomics and animal husbandry processes combinations of calculation and optimisation of feeds are performed, also is assessed the change of feeds sustenance, is modelled the dependence of obtained animal husbandry production on the quality of feeds, practical application for the management and optimisation of animal husbandry processes.
Auditoria and laboratories are set up for execution of study processes at the Department of Animal Nutrition. The students perform scientific research work in the laboratories, also there are carried out practical works. The study process is organized using Vivarium, basis of the Research Laboratory of Animal Nutritiology, Department of Systemic Evaluation of Nutrigenomics and Animal Husbandry Processes as well as basis of economy subjects.
Invited lecturers, practitioners:
Prof. J. Kamphues, Hanover Veterinary Higher School, the Head of the Animal Nutrition Institute, a member-expert of the EAEVE (European Association of Establishments for Veterinary Education);
Prof. dr. habil. K. Lipinski, University of Varmia and Masuria in Olsztyn, Faculty of Animal Bio-Engineering, Department of Animal Nutrition and Fodder Farm;
Prof. dr. C.A. Barth, Potsdam University, Germany;
Prof. dr. F. Schwarz, Technical University of Munich;
Dr. K. Kliem, UFOP, Berlin;
Visits of inviting lecturers are important both for the students and lecturers, because they help to improve the quality of studies and are important for preparation of animal husbandry technologists and veterinary doctors. The most active students have an opportunity to continue the studies of scientific researches that are lectured by the scientists of Hanover High School of Veterinary, University of Potsdam, University of Munich, Olsztyn University of Warmia and Mazury.
The course books that were prepared in the Department of Animal Nutrition:
Feeds – traditional and ecological. Heinz Jeroch, Antanas Sederavičius, Sabina Mikulionienė, Olaf Steinhofel, Paulius Matusevičius, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2010
Breeding and reproduction of chinchilla. Paulius Matusevičius. 2004
Weeds: their classification and recognition. Vytautas Pilipavičius, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2010
The systems of productive cows feeding. Jurgis Kulpys, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2010
The basics of agronomy and the analysis of feeds. Algirdas Januškevičius, Gražina Januškevičienė, Rolandas Stankevičius. 2011
Feeding of dogs and cats. Algirdas Januškevičius. 2006
Connections and cooperation
The Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania, Chamber of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania, Lithuanian Agricultural Advisory Service, agricultural companies and farmers, companies producing combined fodder, the Terra Animalis company, CJSC Mars Lietuva, CJSC Magnum Veterinarija, Lithuanian Association of Cereal Processors, CJSC Jakovo Veterinarijos Centras, CJSC Žvėris, Kaunas University of Technology, Aleksandras Stulginskis University, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of the Polish Academy of Sciences, University of Varmia and Masuria, Hanover Veterinary Higher School.
Analysis of condition of farm animal feeding, as well as analysis of contents of fodder and supplements thereto;
Formation and analysis of rations of various farm animal fodders, preparation of recipes of combined fodders and supplements thereto;
Evaluation and consultation on issues related to feeding various animals;
Show zootechnical tests are performed;
Recommendations on issues related to feeding animals and production of fodders are prepared;
Seminars and scientific conferences are organized;
Preparation of textbooks, methodical literature and scientific, popular articles on relevant issues related to feed production and nutrition of farm animals.
Influence of Valproate on Concentration of Lymphocyte Chloride, pH, Proliferation, Tumor Progression (year 2012 – 2014), P. Matusevičius
Molecular Mechanism of Microorganism Identification in Gut Epithelial Cells and Its Correlation with Etiopathogenesis of Inflammatory Gut Diseases (year 2010-2013), P. Matusevičius
Department of Animal Husbandry
In the Department of Animal Husbandry works nine staff, including eight teaching and one support personnel. In the department works two professors, four associate professors and two lecturers.
In the Animal Husbandry Technology bachelor’s studies are taught the subjects:
Required: Cattle Production; Pig Production; Poultry Production; Sheep and Goat Production; Fur Animal Farming; Beekeeping; Milking technology; Horse Production; Fishery.
Elective: Snail’s production, Forest animals and birds biology; Alternative crop and animal production; Horse Fundamentals; Small animal breeding; Development of milking mechanization.
These disciplines studied about growing farm animals for milk, meat and to get other products, feed and forage preparation technology, special animal nutrition, increasing ways and means of animal genetic potential of ensuring the quality of the production and profitability of livestock farming. Students learn to use a new animal production, storage, maintenance, breeding techniques, according to the EU's animal welfare, product quality and environmental requirements.
Faculty of Animal Husbandry Technology Master's Studies Courses: Animal Biotechnology, bee products and their production technology, pork production technology, biochemistry of meat and meat processing technology, quality of poultry products and their production technology, biochemistry of milk and technology of milk processing, milk and beef and veal production technology, management of animal farming technology, alternative bio-business, livestock business.
The students of Master programs in these disciplines studying about high-quality animal production technologies which are environmental friendly, newest achievements in biotechnology, their application in industrial conditions, the development of functional materials of animal assumptions
In the veterinary medical studies (Faculty of Veterinary) are taught subjects: Technologies of animal production, The development of mechanization of milking, Milking technology, Fur animal production.
Students studying about bovine meat and milk products, cattle farming, pig production, egg and poultry meat production, sheep and goat growing technologies, the influence of milking on milk quality and udder health status, using fodders and applied feeding technologies for the different breed of fur animals, fur and meat production technologies, cultivated fish species in Lithuania. Fish rearing in ponds. Carp breeding and cultivation techniques.
In the Veterinary Food Safety and Quality studies (Veterinary Faculty) are taught subjects: Primary production of meat of sheep and goat, Bee products, Primary production of beef and veal, Primary production of pork, Primary production of milk, Primary production of eggs and poultry, Fishery, Modern analytical techniques and their application in the food industry.
Primary production and quality assessment of egg and poultry, pork, beef, dairy, meat of sheep and goats. Bee products and production quality. Fish farming and fish resources, their protection and enhancement.
The department was founded in 1938. In 1946 when was established the Zootechnics faculty, the department many times was reorganized. First of all separated and became an independent the department of Zoohygiene. In 1948, the department was split in two departments – Special zootechnics and Animal breeding with genetic course. In 1949, it again becomes as one – Department of Animal breeding and Special zootechnics. In 1950, the department again is was reorganised in two – Special zootechnics and Agricultural animal breeding and genetic. 12th of May, 2004, the Senate of Lithuanian Veterinary Academy (Protocol No. 05 02 08), when was reorganized the department of Informatics and Engineering at the Department was connected the Milking Training Centre (established in 1990) and the department is named the Department of Animal Sciences.
Main research activities: Genetic and technological productivity raising and production quality development of livestock and poultry.
The department is equipped with modern auditoriums for the performance of study process. The study process is organized through the bases of department, research laboratories and the economic entities. There is focusing on the practical preparation of students. Practical work carried out in the Laboratory of poultry feeds and poultry products of Animal nutrition and biotechnology center, Laboratory of animal meat characteristics and meat quality assessment, Center of Josifas Tacas name milking training and a vivarium. These laboratories also serve for the preparation of students’ final works. Trips to economic entities are used to guide the system. This allows more qualified provide information on manufacturing processes. For the improvement of study quality in the department is subscribed specialty journals. Also the department allows students and teachers to use the internet in class, using video material of animal husbandry systems. Students preparing Bachelor and/or Master thesis in conjunction with the department and laboratory scientists perform experiments, investigate the quality of raw materials and animal products and analyze indicators of animal digestive process.
International relations and collaboration
Institute of Animal Nutrition of University of Hohenheim, Institute of Animal Reproduction and Food Research of Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Animal Sciences of LUHS VA, University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn, Institute of Animal Nutrition of University of Halle-Wittenberg, Institute of Animal Nutrition of Freie Universität Berlin, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Food Institute of Kaunas University of Technology, Livestock Breeding Supervision Service of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuanian, Chamber of Agriculture of the Republic of Lithuania, JSC „Šilutės veislininkystė“, State Swine Breeding Station, Lithuanian Red Cattle Improvement Association, Lithuanian Black and White Cattle Improvement Association, Lithuania beef cattle farmers and Improvement Association, Lithuania Sheep Breeders Association, Lithuanian Pig Producers Association, Kennel Society, National Food and Veterinary Risk Assessment Institute, Kaunas University of Technology, Lithuanian Association of Meat Processors, Agricultural University in Krakow, The National Research Institute of Animal Production, Wrocław University of environmental and Life Sciences, Poznań University of Life Sciences, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, Institute of Animal Science Kostinbrod, Agricultural Academy, Bulgaria, AARHUS University (Denmark), Institute for Animal Breeding and Product Quality in Nitra (Slovakia), Michurinsk State Agricultural University (Russia), State Pig Breeding Station, pig breeding-grounds (30); individual farms, industrial pig farms. This collaboration helps to develop and carry out scientific projects, to improve the quality of Animal Husbandry bachelor's, master's and doctoral studies.
The department is equipped with modern auditoriums with multimedia or video facilities. The scientific laboratories are involved in student’s studying process. The practices of students take place at Josifo Taco name center of milking training, Laboratory of poultry feed and poultry products, Laboratory of animal meat characteristics and meat quality assessment, Institute of Animal Sciences of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. At scientific laboratories and centers the students are able to produce their Bachelor and/or Master thesis. During the excursions to different animal farms, the students can use modern guide system. It helps get easily information about animal production processes. The department has free access to main data basis of scientific journals of animal science.
National research program „Safe and healthy food“ – MT11/30, „Development of animal nutrition technology to obtain improved biological value of meat, milk and eggs " – 2011 – 2015.
Influence of phytobiotics for animal lipids metabolism, feed digestive processes and production formate“, until year 2015.
Department of Animal Breeding
The Department of Animal breeding in Veterinary academy was established in 1950 when zootechnical faculty was established (until then was animal breeding and special zootechnical department).
In 1989 department was called Animal breeding and genetics and in 2004 – Animal breeding and genetics department. In 2011 in Lithuanian University of Health and Sciences was established separate department of Animal breeding. Since 2011, the department of Animal breeding is headed by professor Vida Juozaitiene.
Animal breeding includes selection and breeding management areas. Practical selection became the major group’s activity object. In the execution of selection programs are involved various profiles specialists, carrying different kinds and breeds animal selection and mating, productivity control and accounting, evaluation and breeding value estimation. Breeds improvement programs are carried out in the whole country. This requires qualified specialists. Department of Animal Breeding and the Animal Breeding Research and Breeding Values Laboratory, which also belongs to department of Animal breeding works 11 employees of that number eight doctors involved in the study and science. Department of Animal breeding goal is to carry out studies, ensure the latest animal breeding and statistics research – based knowledge and technology level, to develop and educated, creative and entrepreneurial personality. The departments scientific priorities is to develop animal breeding, biostatistics and information technologies fields scientific knowledge, to execute high level research and experimental development, to prepare scientists, to execute a broad range of practical activities, in science and other areas to cooperate with country and foreign partners.
In department of Animal breeding bachelors, residents, master students and PhD students carry out research work, also are taught laboratory and practical works. When teaching the animal breeding, biostatistics, research methodology theoretical material taught in the adapted classrooms, practical skills are developed during the laboratory and practice work in laboratories and practical training and in the test farm, in Veterinary academy large and small animal clinics. Students are transported to the advanced farms in Lithuania.
In the Animal Breeding Research and Breeding Values Laboratory, students learn about the latest breeding value estimation methods (BLUP), livestock population databases formation and their structure, livestock information systems. Here acquired knowledge is very useful, because in Lithuania
Department of Animal breeding scientific research areas are:
- Animal populations selective traits studies, analysis and forecast;
- Signs heritability coefficients statistical – selective research;
- Breeding accounting information systems analysis and optimization;
- Zootechnical documents and its development;
- Animal breeding values estimation with BLUP method research.
Animal Breeding Research and Breeding Values Laboratory‘s mission is to investigate by modern bio statistical methods:
- The country‘s animal populations structure;
- Valuable features interrelationship and heredity;
- Environment and heredity interactions;
- To improve the Lithuanian cattle populations breeding value estimation methods.
Since 2004 year, in laboratory‘s base are prepared 15 defended PhD works, and over 200 publications. Conferences and seminars are organized.
The laboratory is involved in many projects. Students here receive the latest animal breeding and biostatistics scientific knowledge; have the opportunity to be directly involved in the research.