Department of Prosthodontics
In 1958, the Department of Stomatology and Dentistry of Kaunas Institute of Medicine was reorganised into the Department of Therapeutic and Prosthetic Dentistry and the Department of Surgical Stomatology. During the period of 1958-1971, the head of the Department of Therapeutic and Prosthetic Dentistry was associated professor J. Stanionienė; in 1971, professor J. Žekonis took the office.
In 1991, two Clinics were established instead of this Department: Therapeutic Stomatology and Prosthetic Dentistry. In 1996, following the order of the Rector of Kaunas Medical Academy, the Clinic of Prosthetic Dentistry was reorganised into 2 independent clinics: the Clinic of Prosthetic Dentistry and the Clinic of Orthodontics. The Clinic of Prosthetic Dentistry was renamed the Clinic of Dental and Maxillofacial Orthopedics. Since 2010, the head of the Clinic of Dental and Maxillofacial Orthopedics is associate professor A. Gleiznys.
Patients coming from all over Lithuania get specialised second- and third-level medical service here. Approximately 3000-3500 patients visit the Clinic annually. Currently, 16 qualified teachers and doctors work in the department, including 2 professors, 3 associate professors, 2 lecturers and 6 assistants.
Students of the Faculty of Odontology, starting from the second year, study dental materials, prosthetic production technologies and orthopaedic odontology in the Clinic. Postgraduate studies and training of doctors odontologists and odontologists-specialists take place here.
Doctors odontologists are offered to choose the following topics of seminars: “Prosthetic treatment of edentulous patients”, “Removable partial dentures”, “Diagnostics and conservative treatment methods of temporomandibular joint disorders”, “Treatment of periodontal diseases with repositioning and stabilisation splints”, “Production peculiarities of cast prosthesis”, “Prosthetic treatment of defects of hard dental tissues”, “Restoration of dental arch defects with structures on implants”, etc.
The staff of the Clinic participate in the preparation of principal laws and regulations concerning health care and in carrying out the prophylaxis programme of the most common odontological diseases among the inhabitants of Lithuania.
There are 2 main trends of scientific work in the Clinic of Dental and Maxillofacial Orthopedics. Professor J. Sakalauskienė supervises research on physiology and pathology of the periodontium: the immunomodulating effects of natural products for the development of a new therapeutic approach to prevention and treatment of inflammatory periodontal diseases.
Professor A. Šurna supervises 2 PhD students who perform research into masticatory physiology and pathology arches and mathematical modelling of biomechanical characteristics of teeth and dental arches in physiological and pathological states of the stomatognathic system. The aims are the following: 1. To investigate the influence of occlusal elements on the biological function of individual TMJ, using numerical finite element methods and to simulate possible structural reciprocal alterations. While doing no damage to biological individuals, there will be a possibility to simulate different functional situations, to investigate correlation between the structure and the function and to select adequate restorative methods using 3D models of numerical finite elements. 2. To investigate the changes in the occlusion of patients after traumatic injuries of the stomatognathic system and the influence of its correction on the treatment of trauma and rehabilitation using digital diagnostic facilities. The complex general treatment of traumas of the stomatognathic system with functional stabilisation of occlusion will allow shortening the rehabilitation period and seeking better treatment.
Training laboratory of dental prosthetics
Head: Mindaugas Čestovas, tel. +370 37 33 75 52.
In the training laboratory of dental prosthetics, students learn basic manufacturing technologies of dental prosthesis and equipment. The staff are familiar with all the modern techniques and all kinds of orthopedic equipment and dental prostheses. They also have contracts with doctors and give certificates for service provided in the laboratory.