The Institute of Anatomy is one of the largest departments of the Faculty of Medicine of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences.
The main goal of the Institute of Anatomy is to provide the knowledge about the anatomy of the human body, organ systems and structure of individual organs as well as the knowledge needed for professional training of medical doctors and other fundamental issues in human biology studies.
The Institute of Anatomy teaches students of various faculties such as Medicine, Odontology, Pharmacy, Nursing and Public Health.
The origin of the Institute of Anatomy lies at the beginning of 20th century. After Polish legionnaires had occupied Vilnius in 1919, Higher Courses of higher education were established in Kaunas in 1920 owing to the efforts of prominent progressive public figures. On 27 January 1920, Dr. Jurgis Žilinskas, a surgeon of Kaunas Military Hospital, delivered the first lecture in Human Anatomy. In 1921, the Department of Anatomy was allotted a house (“Anatomicum”), in which a small dissecting room and lecture rooms were arranged. In 1922, when the University of Lithuania was chartered, the Institute of Anatomy became a part of the Medical Faculty. In that period, working conditions were especially hard as there was a lack of textbooks and manuals published in Lithuanian. The colleagues of prof. J. Žilinskas started making skeletons, teaching specimens and demonstrative supplies. Lectures in systematic human anatomy were delivered by prof. J. Žilinskas, and notes of his lectures were the only teaching aids in Lithuanian. In 1933, the Institute of Anatomy was transferred to new premises of the central building in A. Mickevičiaus street.
Today, the Institute of Anatomy has the renovated facilities in which practice and self-studies for students can be organised. Students have a possibility to gain knowledge using high quality anatomical modules, posters, etc. Students can also study in the Museum of Anatomy, where they can find a valuable collection of anatomical preparations. The biggest part of them was made by prof. J. Žilinskas and his colleagues. There are also possibilities to study anatomy using computer programmes.
The Institute of Anatomy has good and various bases for scientific research as it incorporates the following laboratories:
Laboratory of Neuroanatomy
Laboratory of Embalming
Laboratory of Ultramicrotome
Laboratory of Electron Microscopy
Laboratory of Immunochemistry
Laboratory of Neuromorphology
Laboratory of Microscopy
The Institute of Anatomy closely collaborates with colleagues in Vilnius, Riga Stradins (Latvia), Tartu (Estonia), Aachen (Germany), Michigan (USA), Oxford (Great Britain) and Warmia-Mazury (Poland) universities.