Department of Surgery
The Department of Surgery at Lithuanian University of Health Sciences consists of Division of General/Abdominal Surgery and Division of Breast Surgery. Division of Abdominal Surgery is divided into the three clinical subunits:
- Sector of Hepatopancreatobiliary and Endocrine Surgery;
- Sector of Minimally Invasive and Gastrointestinal Surgery;
- Sector Colorectal Surgery.
The Division of General and Abdominal Surgery offers the highest quality emergency and elective patient care. Our surgeons are recognized experts in general surgery, colorectal surgery, endocrine surgery, hepatobiliary and pancreatic surgery, minimally invasive surgery, surgical oncology, transplant and bariatric surgery.
The Division of Breast Surgery is dedicated to all women's breast health needs. The center offers a comprehensive range of care to each woman. Breast multi-disciplinary team involving specialists in diagnostic mammography and breast surgery, as well as strongly supported by specialists in pathology, oncology and physical therapy always ready to provide an efficient, friendly and high quality service.
The mission of the Department of Surgery is to practice evidence based medicine, analyze causes and course of surgical diseases, and transfer the results of scientific research into the daily practice. We aim at providing qualified service and support for our patients in case of surgical ailments, teaching and training the future generation of doctors as educated, scientific-minded, responsible and upstanding individuals.
The goals of the Department of Surgery:
- to implement the results of clinical and/or basic research in to evidence-based practice;
- to provide qualified and safe medical assistance for all patients, regardless of their race, gender, nationality, political and religious beliefs;
- to organize under- and postgraduate medical studies using modern teaching concepts.
Clinical and Translational Research
The Department of Surgery prides itself on its many highly regarded investigators. Some focus predominantly on basic or translational research (the "bench"), others focus predominantly on clinical research (the "bedside") and still others are involved in both realms. The main focus of the research is on the early detection and enhanced treatment of digestive system’s malignancies, and pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. The other fields of interest include the evaluation of metabolic changes after bariatric surgery, optimization of surgical techniques, and optimization of patient management protocols.
Lithuanian University of Health Sciences is a modern and internationally recognized institution, which hosts students from Lithuania, Lebanon, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Germany, Spain, Sweden, India, United Arab Emirates and Taiwan. The study programs delivered by the Department of Surgery are mostly problem and/or competence based. The lecturers of the Department are involved in training of fourth year (module of endocrine and bariatric surgery) and fifth year (module of digestive system pathology) medical students. The residents of general and abdominal surgery as well of other surgical specialties also undergo basic General Surgery training in our Department. General and abdominal surgery programs comprise five years of clinical education, practical skills training and translational research. Our residents have a possibility to study and work in vibrant environment of multidisciplinary tertiary level university hospital, participate in the educational and research activities of the department, and benefit from the clinical placements in the other regional hospitals all around Lithuania and/or abroad.
Academic research projects:
- The clinical aspects of obesity treatment (in partnership with LUHS Department of Gastroenterology)
- The economic effects of bariatric surgery on the management of type 2 diabetes (in partnership with LUHS Department of Endocrinology)
- Short vs long Roux limb gastric bypass in super-obese patients (in partnership with Vaasa Central Hospital, Finland)
- Short vs long biliopancreatic limb gastric bypass for treatment of type 2 diabetes
- Comparison of different repair methods of postoperative abdominal wall hernia: a prospective study
- Aberrant DNA methylation in peripheral blood leukocytes and neoplastic tissues of patients with pancreatic and gastric cancer (in cooperation with Institute of Experimental Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, University of Bonn, Germany)
- Aberrant DNA methylation in tumor tissues of patients with ampullary cancer
- Aberrant DNA methylation in different DNA sources of patients with colon cancer
- Optimization of the management of metastatic liver leasions
- Factors influencing survival after curative surgery for periampullary cancer
Projects funded by the Research Council of Lithuania:
- Investigation of activity and redox status of Pancreatic Stellate Cells.
- Energetic, genetic and epigenetic mechanisms of resistance to chemotherapy induced apoptosis in pancreatic cancer
- The epidemiology of colon and rectal cancer in Lithuania: mortality, disability, quality of life (in partnership with Vilnius University, Department of Surgery).
- The new diagnostic and prognostic molecular markers of colorectal cancer.
• European Obesity Academy – an international research and education program for tomorrow’s leaders within obesity treatment (Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden)
• Pancreas 2000 - an international educational and research program for tomorrow’s pancreatologists in Europe (Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, Sweden)
• The annual Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass Course orginized by the Department of Surgery, Lithuanian University of Medicine was already attended by surgeons from 13 Central and Eastern European countries and United Arab Emirates.
• COST - European intergovernmental cooperation program in science and technology (European Cooperation in Science and Technology):
- No Action. BM1204. An integrated European platform for pancreas cancer research: from basic science to clinical and public health Interventions for a rare disease. "
- No Action. BM0907. "European Network for Translational Immunology Research and Education (ENTIRE): From immunomonitoring to personalized immunotherapy”.