Department of Otorhinolaryngology
The first Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Lithuania was established in Kaunas in 1924. On October 6 th., 1924 the Senate of Medical Faculty elected prof. P. Radzvickas the first chairman of the Department. At this time the basic concept of contemporary University Otorhinolaryngology Department was established: regimented patient treatment, studies and research.
The second chairman of the Department was prof. J. Zubkus. He was the first physician in Lithuania who introduced bronchoscopy and esophagoscopy. In 1939 Hospital of Medical Faculty of Vytautas Magnus University was built and Department moved to the new place, remaining here up to present. In 1944 prof. J. Zubkus emigrated to USA and was replaced by assoc. prof. S. Žilinskas. In 1957 he established the Lithuanian Otorhinolaryngologic Society. Assoc. prof. S. Žilinskas was the author of the first textbook “Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat” in Lithuania. Assoc. prof. B. Gapanavičius was the chairman of the Department from 1965 to 1972. He was the first physician in Baltic countries who started stapedoplasty. From 1972 to 1978, the chairman of the Department was assoc. prof. A. Kišonas. In 1978 Department of Otorhinolaryngology was affiliated to the Department of Ophthalmology and was headed by prof. E. Daktaravičienė (till 1988) and assoc. prof. V. Jašinskas (from 1988 to 1990). In 1990 Department of Otorhinolaryngology became separate again and was headed by assoc. prof. K.Povilaitis (1990-2006). Since 2006 till the present time, the chairman of Department of Otorhinolaryngology is prof. V. Ulozas.
At the present Department of Otorhinolaryngology enjoys the privilege being the largest and the most advanced ENT department in Lithuania. Department provides highly qualified medical services for the patients from all Lithuania and abroad countries. Our physicians warrant expert clinical care in the fields of Otology/Neurotology, Endoscopic Functional Sinus and Skull Base Surgery, Head and Neck Cancer Treatment, Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Phonosurgery, management of Swallowing Disorders, Sleep and Snoring Disorders and Pediatric Otolaryngology. Our goal remains to be the leading department of Otorhinolaryngology in the country on the basis of excellence in patient care, residents training and education, basic and clinical research, developing creative and innovative diagnostic and treatment modalities for our patients.
Studies of Otorhinolaryngology involve students of Medical and Odontology Faculties. Pedagogical staff of the Department consists of: prof.V.Ulozas, 3 assoc. professors (I.Ulozienė, R.Pribuišienė, and S.Vaitkus), 5 lectors (G.Alzbutienė, T.Balsevičius, M.Kašėta, V.Liutkevičius, S.Balseris) and 8 assistants. Every year 30 student groups of Medical Faculty and 15 student groups attend lectures and classes at our Department.
The problem based learning of Otorhinolaryngology for the 6th year medical students is included into program of Clinical Module of Neurosciences. (“Basics of Eye, ENT and Maxillofacial diseases”). Duration of the module – 3 weeks. The 6th year students has the possibility to improve their knowledge in Otorhinolaryngology attending the elective cycle “Conventional and Emergency Aid in Otolaryngology”.
The 4th year students of Odontolgy Facultyattend the program “Diseases of Ear, Nose and Throat”.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology performs basic and clinical research in various fields of Otorhinolaryngology taking part in different national and international scientific projects on a) “Neonatal hearing screening by otoacoustic emissions”, b) telemedicine (Litmed) and IT (Baltic MedWeb), c) “Potential adverse effects of GSM Cellular phones on hearing”.
The latest international scientific projects are as follows:
- EC Health and Consumer Protection Directoriate-General project “Exposure at UMTS electromagnetic fields: study on potential adverse effects on hearing (EMFnEAR)”
- 2004 -2007
- EUREKA project E!3681 “A computer-aided decision support system for diagnosis of laryngeal diseases INFOLARYNX“. 2006 -2009.
- COST Action 2103 „Advanced Vocal Function Assessment“ . 2006-2011
- “Detection of pathological Voices” in collaboration with the IBM Haifa Research Lab; Israel. 2010-2012.
- „Genetic Susceptibility to Papilloma-induced Voice Disturbance” in collaboration with Allegheny-Singer Research Institute, Center for Genomic Sciences, Pittsburg University, USA. Since 2010
- “Global HPV-6 and HPV-11 genomic diversity” in collaboration with Ljubljana University, Slovenia. Since 2012
- “Formation and properties of intercellular tunneling nanotubes” in collaboration with Cellular Culture Lab. (LUHS). Granted by Lithuanian Scientific Council. Since 2012.