Department of Ophthalmology

Department of Ophthalmology , Medical Academy, Faculty of Medicine
Lithuanian university of health sciences
Address: Mickevičiaus Str. 9, LT-44307 Kaunas
Phone +370 37 326558
Fax: (8 37) 326146


Head – Prof. Reda ŽEMAITIENĖ, MD, PhD



To provide highly qualified ophthalmological service in accordance with international standards, to carry out and improve ophthalmology studies, to develop scientific activities, interdisciplinary cooperation with other departments and university researchers, to ensure the improvement of qualification of the medical staff.



 • To develop modern and socially responsible care for patients with eye diseases and to ensure the highest level of       assistance in the most complicated clinical cases

• To create and develop evidence-based innovations

• To conduct and improve studies by mastering the knowledge of ophthalmology

• To participate in scientific activities

• To effectively use the available human and material resources

• To educate ambitious and continuously improving healthcare professionals


Historical overview

The roots of the Department of Ophthalmology date back to 1922 when professor Petras Avižonis founded   in the newly established Vytautas Magnus University. Since then, the Department of Ophthalmology has come a long way and become a modern hospital of ophthalmology. Professor  Avižonis was the Head of the Department until 1939. After the professor's death, his son V. Avižonis took over the management of the Department (untill 1944), later the Department of Ophthalmology was headed by J. Nemeikša until 1958. Professor Emilija Daktaravičiene performed a special role in the development of the Department of Ophthalmology. She chaired the department from 1958 to 1989 and established excellent clinical foundation and trained a whole generation of ophthalmologists. In 1976, prof. E. Daktaravičienė, assoc. prof. A. Valentinienė and doctor L. Matukonienė established a new Department of Ophthalmology.. The most famous ophthalmologists, such as rof. A. Blužienė, assoc. prof. M. Tornau, assoc. prof. I. Vaškelienė, assoc. Prof. V. Barzdžiukas, prof. A. Paunksnis worked in the department. In 2002, the first Donor Fund for Eyes in the Baltic States was established in the department. From 1989 to 2017, the Department of Ophthalmology was headed by prof. Vytautas Jašinskas. Since 2017, the Department has been headed by  prof. R. Žemaitienė.



Since 2009, eleven scientific theses have been defended in LSMU Department of Ophthalmology. At present, twelve doctoral students are in training.

During the period of 2013-2017, the staff of the Department of Ophthalmology published 543 articles in medical journals, 56 of which in the Clarivate Analytics Journal Citation Reports database, and referred to in international medical databases. In 2013-2017, 7 monographs and professional books in ophthalmology were published.

 The most significant research projects were the following: “Realization of Medical Physics and Nanophotonics Studies” (EU Structural Funds), "The introduction of evidence-based diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma using innovative non-invasive measurements of intracranial pressure and ocular blood flow" (EU global grant), "New molecular prognostic markers search in patients with  pituitary adenoma and association with visual functions“ (Research Council of Lithuania), “Analysis of biomarkers, discovered by research using S. pombe, in human blood”. (project with Japanese (OIST)). (Collaboration with LSMUL KC, Ophthalmology department), “Common prognostic molecular markers search in patients with age-related macular degeneration and ischemic heart disease” (Research Council of Lithuania)

 The main directions of scientific activity: investigation of imunogenetic and metabolic markers in the patients with age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and corneal deseases, phenotype of the inflammatory disease of the optic nerve and its relation to molecular markers; relation of visual function and imunogenetic markers with the morphology of pituitary adenoma; relation of pseudoexfoliation syndrome with ischemic heart disease and oxidative stress; assesment of efficacy of new different cataract surgery methods; identification and adjustment of new innovative diagnostic and treatment methods in glaucoma, as well as assessment of the association between glaucoma and other neurodegenerative diseases.

 Ongoing research projects

 “Healthy and patients with age-related macular degeneration new genetic and metabolic markers search”.Headed by prof. V. Deltuva MD, PhD, Investigators: assoc. prof. R. Liutkevičienė MD, PhD and dr. L. Kriaučiūnienė MD, PhD 2015-2018 (funded by Lithuanian Science Council)

 “Association of pseudoexfoliation syndrome’s clinical features with ischemic heart disease and oxidative stress ". Headed by prof. G. Bernotienė MD, PhD, Investigators: M. Špečkauskas MD, PhD, U. Rumelaitienė MD, 2015-2018 (funded by Lithuanian Science Council)

 "The influence of clinical, genetic and environmental risks on the pathogenesis of the development of Late Diabetic Complications of Type 1 Diabetes" Headed by prof. R. Verkauskienė MD, PhD 2013-2023 (funded by Lithuanian Science Council)


Academic Studies

 Module of Clinical Neuroscience, part II (Eye, ear, nose, throat, and maxillofacial diseases).Ophthalmology 6 credits, 60 hours for students of Medical Faculty, 6th academic year  (in Lithuanian and English languages MF/AK/M-V18 Modulus and MF/AK/M-U14 Modulus)

Students have the possibility of extending their knowledge in Ophthalmology by choosing a 3-week elective course in the 6th academic year (4 credits, 107 hours) (in Lithuanian and English languages MF/AK/M-V28 Modulus and MF/AK/M-U11 Modulus).

Students also obtain experience in research work by Master thesis Preparation and presentation of elective scientific work (3 credits in Lithuanian and English languages, modulus MF/AK/M-V26 and MF/AK/M-U14) and/or by participating in the activities of the Section of Ophthalmology in the Student Scientific Association.


Post-graduate studies (residency)

At present, there are 23 residents in the the Department of Ophthalmolgy.

 Programme "Ophthalmology" 733A30076

The duration of  residency in ophthalmology is 3 years (198 ECTS credits).

The program is prepared taking into account LR legal acts, European Parliament and Council Directive 2005/36/EB, European Ophthalmologist Council, EBO (European Board of Ophthalmology) recommendations for Ophthalmologist preparation (Principles and Guidelines of a curriculum for Education of the Ophthalmic Specialist. Presented by International Task Force on Resident and Specialist Education in Ophthalmology. (Nov.2006, Page S1-S48, Vol. 223)) and requirements for preparations of Ophthalmologist by European union of Medicine Specialists. (European Union of Medical Specialists. Charter on Training of Medical Specialists in the EU. Section of Ophthalmology. UEMS 2009. Website access:

The Department of Ophthalmolgy of the Hospital of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences was accreditated by Consilium Europeum Ophthalmologiae in 2010 and reaccreditated in 2017.

 Regular 3-year study (198 credits)

Ist year (66 credits)

Ophthalmic methods of eye examination (18 credits)

Pediatrics ophthalmology (24 credits)

Inflammatory pathology of the anterior segment of eye (24 credits)

IIst year (66 credits)

Non-inflammatory pathology of the anterior segment of eye (42 credits)

Glaucoma (24 credits)

 IIIst year (66 credits)

Diseases of orbit, ophthalmooncology, oculoplasty (6 credits)

Pathology of the posterior segment of eye is (36 credits)

Eye trauma (12 credits)

Neuroophthalmology (6 credits)

 Elective course (6 credits)

Laser technologies for diagnosis of optic nerve pathology

Imaging studies for retinal pathology

Ocular emergencies

 Eye clinic participates in residency study programs in other clinics of LSMU:

733A30075 “ Eye diseases“ family medicine study program for residents (6 credits)

733A300A7 “ Ocular emergencies“ Emergency medicine study program for residents (6 credits)

733A30055 “Ocular allergies” Allergology and clinical immunology study program for residents (6 credits)

733A30093“Pediatric ophthalmology” pediatrics study program for residents (6 credits)


The Department of Ophthalmology has the following further training for doctors ophthalmologists (in Lithuanian):

Inflammatory diseases of the orbit;

Ocular diseases for general practitioners;

Modern cataract surgery in adult and pediatric patients;

Peculiarities of diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma in adult and pediatric patients;

Graves ophthalmopathy;

Modern diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma;

Non-infectious ocular diseases in elderly patients;

Diseases of cornea and uveal tract;

Ultrasonography of eye and orbit;

Update on diagnosis and treatment of retinal diseases;

Ocular trauma.


Clinical service

rtment is the largest eye disease diagnostic and treatment centre in Lithuania. The department consists of the Eye Consultative-Diagnostic Unit (outpatient department) (headed by prof. I. Janulevičienė MD, PhD), Department of Children's Eye Diseases (headed by. A. Gelžinis MD, PhD), One-day Surgical Division (prof. D. Žaliūnienė MD, PhD) and Inpatient Department of Adult Eye Diseases (headed by D. Stanislovaitienė MD, PhD). There are several specified sections established in order to improve the quality and provide better care in different fields of ophthalmology: Cataract, Glaucoma and Laser Surgery Sector (headed by prof. D. Žaliūnienė MD, PhD); Vitreoretinal Surgery Sector (headed by A. Miliauskas MD), Cornea and Uveitis Sector (headed by prof. R. Žemaitienė MD, PhD), Ocular Oncology, Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery Sector (headed by G. Miniauskienė MD, PhD), Retina Diseases Sector (headed by assoc. prof. J. V. Balčiūnienė MD, PhD); Strabismus and Neuroophthalmology Sector (headed by A. Gelžinis MD, PhD).

 The Department of Ophthalmology provides secondary and tertiary level ophthalmological services to children and adults from all Lithuania. The annual turnover is about 88,000 visits of adult patients and about 11 000 of children and more than 11 000 patients are treated in the different departments. The Department of Ophthalmology carries out intensive surgical work (more than 18 000 surgical procedures per year: cataract, glaucoma, vitreoretinal, corneal transplantations, keratoprosthesis, strabismus surgery, intravitreal injections etc.). Here are treated and operated the most seriously-ill patients from all over Lithuania and other foreign countries, including all the ophthalmooncological patients of the country.


In 2017, the Department of Ophthalmology of Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kauno Klinikos  was granted  European Reference Network membership in ERN-EYE (Rare Eye Diseases), 

Center of Rare Ophthalmological Diseases

Head A. Gelžinis, MD, PhD -fields of interest: rare eye diseases in children and adults.

The expert responsible for rare retinal diseases – assoc. prof V.J. Balčiūnienė, MD, PhD

The expert responsible for rare anterior segment diseases -  prof. R. Žemaitienė, doctor ophthalmologist, MD, PhD

The experts responsible for rare pediatric eye diseases – A. Gelžinis , MD, PhD

The expert responsible for rare neuro-ophthalmological diseases – B. Glebauskienė, MD, PhD.

 Membership in professional organizations

The staff of the Department of Ophthalmology are members of different professional organizations such as Lithuanian Ophthalmological Society; Lithuanian Glaucoma Society; European Society of Ophthalmology (SOE); European Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgeons (ESCRS), European Association for Vision and Eye Research (EVER); American Academy of Ophthalmology. Pedagogical staff take part in the European Board Examination in Ophthalmology (EBO) as examiners.


Prof. R. Žemaitienė MD, PhD

Member of international, expert-led consensus initiative  on Fundamentals Of Care in UveitiS (FOCUS)


Prof. I.Janulevičienė MD, PhD

Member of World Health Organization Ophthalmology Topic Advisory Group contributing to the revision of the International Classification of Diseases 11th edition

European Society of Ophthalmology – Board member

European Glaucoma Society – Executive Board member


Prof. V. Jašinskas MD, PhD

Representative of Lithuania in EBO


Leadership in different professional organizations

Assoc. prof. L. Kuzmienė, MD, PhD - chairman of the Lithuanian Ophthalmological Society

Prof. I. Janulevičienė, MD, PhD - chairman of the Lithuanian Glaucoma Society

E. Puodžiuvienė, MD, PhD - chairman of Kaunas Ophthalmology Club

prof. J. Jankauskienė, MD, PhD – president of the Lithuanian Apitherapy

prof. V. Jašinskas, MD, PhD - ophthalmologist consultant of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Lithuania



Main contacts

Department of Ophthalmology, Medical Academy, Faculty of Medicine
Lithuanian university of health sciences

Eivenių Str. 2, Kaunas 50161, Lithuania
Telephone No. 370 37 32 6558, fax. No.+370 37 326146


Head of the Department of Ophthalmology: Professor Reda ŽEMAITIENĖ, MD, PhD,

Telephone No. +370 37 327064

Room No. 236



Telephone No.+370 37 326770

Room No. 336


Telephone No.+370 37 326760

Room No. 239



Telephone No. +370 37 326019

Room No. 133


Vytautas JAŠINSKAS MD, PhD, Habil. Dr

Telephone No.+370 37 327095


Room No. 245


Assoc. professor

dr. Vilma Jūratė BALČIŪNIENĖ, MD, PhD

Telephone No.+370 37 326635


Room No. 152


Assoc. professor

dr. Loreta KUZMIENĖ, MD, PhD

Telephone No.+370 37 326776


Room No. 246


Assoc. professor


Telephone No.+370 37 326991


Room No. 214




Telephone No.+370 37 326756

Room No. 187



dr. Arvydas GELŽINIS MD, PhD
Telephone No.+370 37 326201

Room No. 352




Telephone No.+370 37 326535
Room No. 240




Telephone No.+370 37 326635


Room No. 152




Telephone No.+370 37 326624


Room No. 117




Telephone No.+370 37 326315

Room No. 237



Telephone No.+370 37 326157

Room No. 434




Telephone No. +370 37 326686

Room No. 237




Telephone No. +370 37 327321


Room No. 185


Study administrator 

Tamara Ivanauskienė

Telephone No. +370 37 326558


Room No. 236